Halftimes in Fiction

I’ve heard so many writers complain that they hate writing middles, and have a hard time keeping the tension up and the stakes high throughout the entire story. They talk about sagging middles, saddle seats, plot valleys, and so on. They’re afraid to drop the tension in the middle. Scared of it.

Terrified of the heart-stopping, eyeball-bulging, horrifying middle!

*lightning splits the sky*

Most of the writing advice websites and books on story structure focus primarily on the inciting incident and the crisis, both paramount to the story, but middles are barely explained in a constructive way. The best advice you’ll find is to “flesh out” the middle, to fill it with “additional complications”, include sub-plots, go forth and explore the storyworld, explore the characters, or sprinkle the story with spice and fry it and probe its plot holes with a stick, and other great yuckity-bleh.

Well, shoot. None of this is very helpful. You know why?

Because it doesn’t guide your imagination. I mean, what does “fleshing out” really tell you? What does “additional complication” mean?! If you don’t know precisely where you’re going (this applies especially to pantsers), the only thing this advice will help you do is add unnecessary fluff to your story. Fluff will kill the suspense stone-dead for sure, and lead straight to the “sagging middle” you were trying to avoid. Adding stuff is a wrong approach to middles, and doesn’t do them justice. The middle can be your friend, it can give your story so much more, without adding sluggish flab to it.

Just look at it this way: the middle is your story’s halftime.

In sports, a halftime is basically a breather for the players, the chance to switch the teams’ positions on the field and evaluate the situation. It’s the moment when the coach decides what’s to be done next. And this concept of a halftime fits perfectly to writing middles in novels.

The story’s halftime is where the protagonist gathers his strength after failing miserably to deal with the new challenge / adventure / catastrophe you’ve struck him with.

Halftime is when your hero picks himself up after the initial struggle, looks at the filed, and decides to change his strategy to win.

This is when your protagonist realizes what the stakes really are, and that he must do something else than what he’s foolishly done so far if he wants to succeed.

If you’ve crafted your first part of the story well, you’ve wrecked havoc in the protagonist’s life, have plunged him into disaster (or thrown him on a quest he can’t go back from) and have put his most important thing in the world at risk. Then you have let him try and solve his troubles like he’s always done, and he failed miserably and complicated matters even more. Everything he’s done has taken him deeper into the rabbit hole, everything he’s risked he’s lost, and now he faces the choice of his life-time: change tactics, or perish.

The middle is the perfect moment to do this! The middle is where the story changes around, and the protagonist—along with us, biting our nails—figures out just what exactly needs to be done to succeed. But will he make it?

There’s no hard rule that says a middle is a dangerous hurdle only brilliant plotters overcome. It mustn’t be annoying to write and dreadful to read through. Screw that! The middle is the axis of your story, it’s where where things coalesce and create new possibilities. Write your middle like it’s the halftime of your story. Go switch teams on the field and change tactics, see what happens. And have some fun!



This blog post is part of the A to Z Blogging Challenge, April 2012

Published by Veronica Sicoe

Science Fiction Author — I deliver the aliens.

24 thoughts on “Halftimes in Fiction

  1. The middle of the story is where I’ve found some interesting plot twists I hadn’t planned. These crossroads can take a writer to some amazing places – or down a one-way street that turns into a dead end.


  2. The first (real) novel I ever attempted to write ended with me pounding my head against the desk and giving up. Guess where I hit the wall? You guessed it! The middle!

    What I found is that I just didn’t have enough story in my hands, and I was artificially fluffing things because I was intent on writing my big dream novel. It became the most obvious in the middle of the book, where it was harder to disguise. In hindsight I think that story was clearly meant for a shorter form, but my ambition blinded me and I plowed ahead, to the ruin of the story.

    The moral of the story? Well, um . . . I have no idea. But blast you, Middle! *shakes fist*

    Awesome post, as usual, Vero!



    1. A good way to turn the idea for a short story into a novel is to see that short plot as a building block, as a chapter perhaps, of a greater structure that grows out of it. But that’s all talk. Some things you definitely learn from practice, not theory, and the case of your story reminded me of a great quote out of the Assassin’s Creed game: “an information learned has more value than an information given.”

      Thanks for your comment, J.W.! 🙂


    1. Thanks, Mark. In Aristotle’s three act structure, the middle is the second act of the story, and comprises about 1/2 of the overall volume. But it’s too vague and has too few highlights in my opinion. Splitting it up is much more useful in writing modern fiction, which is more action filled. 🙂


  3. I like the way you cut past the terms that get thrown around a lot, and use images instead. Your halftime analogy is fitting, because it occurred to me that the middle of the story is where the game is played.

    Thanks for the spark.


  4. Wonderful! And you are right: A lot of the advice out there IS presented just like you outlined it. While I’m appreciative of the resources specializing in beginnings, etc., I’ve found surprisingly little detailing good middles.

    And I have a question! 🙂

    What about using your “middle halftime breather” for a crucial chuck of backstory? I’m employing this tactic in my WIP. It seems to work – especially because the next part is the loudest action up to that point. I’d love to hear your thoughts (and other commenter thoughts) on this method.

    Thank you! Happy Monday!


    1. There are many ways to insert backstory and make it interesting to read. You can use vivid flashbacks, dreams, heated conversation between characters that touch on matters past, objects from the past that show up again, and many more ways. The middle is a good section to do this, as long as you braid the backstory into the main plot in a dynamic way, without going sideways or bogging down the flow. 🙂

      Thanks for your question, Tracy! If you have any more, make me a happy little scribbler! 😉


  5. Hello, Vero! This is such wonderful advice. I feel so motivated and inspired now! Thanks for such a brilliant halftime speech. 🙂

    Hope you had a great weekend and happy A to Z!!


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